Hong Kong Lifestyle Study: Effects of a Vegetarian Diet on Disease Outcome and Medical Visits

Hildemar Dos Santos, Lawrence W. Beeson, Becky Ng, Peter Chuk, Miranda Wong, Josileide Gaio, Wenes Pereira Reis, (doi: 10.23953/cloud.ijanhs.427)


This study investigated 1,287 individuals residing in Hong Kong via a questionnaire that assessed diet levels of meat consumption and the outcomes of lifestyle-related diseases and healthcare utilization. Based on the findings of the questionnaire, 26% of the participants presented some lifestyle-related disease. Diets with high meat intake increased the odds of presence of disease, but the results were not statistically significant. Older ages and higher BMI increased the odds of disease. In addition, diets with high meat intake increased the number of visits to a general practitioner. Males were less likely to visit; and low exercise increased the number of visits. Presence of disease increased the number of visits to the general practitioner and the specialist by 1.25 and 2.09 times, respectively. Older age increased the number of visits to the specialist.


Chronic diseases; Hong Kong; Lifestyle; Plant-based diet; Vegetarian diet

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*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar, Google Search and the Microsoft Academic Search. If ‘A’ is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and ‘B’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed publications during 2016 then, journal impact factor = A/B. To know More: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impact_factor)