Baobab: A Review about “The Tree of Life”

Namratha V., Sahithi P.

Abstract


Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) is a native tree of Africa, Madagascar, Australia, and Arabia. It is a multipurpose tree where every part of the baobab tree can be used for either food, fodder, medicine, shelter or to produce useful utensils. The fruit of A. digitata is called as super fruit because of its exotic nature and rich nutrient profile. Its fruit pulp has very high content of vitamin C (6 x more vitamin C than oranges), potassium (6 x more potassium than bananas), calcium (2 x more calcium than milk), antioxidants (6 x more antioxidants than blueberries) etc. Seeds contain high quantities of crude protein, fats (oils), dietary fibre and most minerals. Baobab leaves are superior in nutritional quality to fruit pulp, as they contain all the essential amino acids and some of the non-essential amino acids and significant levels of vitamin A and C. The bark is used to produce ropes, clothes, baskets, mats and fish traps and the wood can be used as fodder or as thatching for roofs. Several plant parts of baobab tree have interesting anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, antimicrobial, anti diarrhoea and anti-dysentery properties. Thus, since ancient times baobab has been used extensively in traditional medicine.


Keywords


Adansonia Digitata L.; Analgesic; Anti-Inflammatory; Antioxidant; Antipyretic; Diarrhoea

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