To Study the Integrated Yoga Therapy (IAYT) Effect on Quality of Life and Positive and Negative Emotions in Tribal Adolescent Girls – A Single Group and Pre-Post Design

Prapti P. Dalwadi, Dr. Vijayakumar P.S., Dr. Janardan B. Bhatt, (doi: 10.23953/cloud.ijaayush.356)

Abstract


The tribal community faces problems by way of Poverty, Malnutrition, Low literacy, Lack of Sanitation and Quality drinking water, Lack of basic health services, Social – Traditional belief and customs etc., an overall environment will be resulted in to poor quality of life; leads to poor mental health. This research study has planned to know the effect of short term integrated yoga module for to know the effect of Quality of Life and Positive Negative Emotions of the Tribal Adolescent School Girls; living in Chhatralaya. Tribal adolescent girls; aged 10 to 19, total 46 nos. of adolescent girls were participated and attended yoga classes taught by trained yoga therapist for 15 days. The module included loosening, Suryanamaskara, asanas, breathing exercises, Krida yoga, and meditation and relaxation techniques. The assessment was carried out one prior intervention as wells as on 15th day. All the participants were asked practice regularly. The Quality of Life was measured by using Youth Quality of Life (YQOL-SF). This contains 15 perpetual items measuring the domain of sense of self, social relationship, environment and general quality of life. The Positive Negative Emotions were measured by using Positive Negative Affects Schedule (PANAS-SF). The PANAS is a 20 items self-report measure of positive and negative effects. This contains two 10 items mood scale and was developed to provide brief measure of positive and negative effects. For the results, normality test was carried out for consideration of parametric / non-parametric test. The data was found that it was normally distributed; Shapiro Wilk test; paired ‘t’ test at 95% confidence interval level was carried out for hypothesis testing to measure the effects after 15 days IAYT. Quality of Life Results: The results showed significant improvement: t (34) = -2.202, P = 0.035. PANAS Results: PANASSF Score: For Positive Affects Mean Scores = 33.3 (S.D. ± 7.2). The results showed that there was no significant improvement (p = 0.187). The Mean Score and Standard Deviation before and after IAYT: Before: M = 39.97 (S.D. ± 5.71), After: M = 41.285 (S.D. ± 6.355). For Negative Affects: The Mean Scores according to PANAS-SF for NA is: M = 17.4 (S.D. ± 6.2). The results showed that there was no significant improvement (p = 0.068). The Mean Score and Standard Deviation before and after IAYT: Before: M=29.37 (S.D. ± 4.81), After: M = 26.91 (S.D. ± 6.96). For Positive Affect (PA): Parameters Showed significant improvement: t (9) = -2.709, P = 0.024. For Negative Affect (NA) Parameters Showed no significant improvement: t (9) = -2.022, P = 0.074. Combine Effect of Quality of Life and Positive Negative Emotions: Increased effect on Positive Affects leads to improvement in Quality of Life and decrease the Negative Affects. Improvement in Quality of Life leads to increase in Positive Affects and decrease in Negative Affects. Thus, change in Quality of Life impacts over Emotions and Change in Emotions impacts over Quality of Life. Conclusion: Study shows the general dominants problems in tribal adolescent girls is due to their lower Quality of Life and Emotional imbalances. These can be improved with the application of regular practice of IAYT and for that awareness of about Yoga is essential for them. Finding shows that 15 days short duration Yoga intervention has significant effect on Quality of Life and Positive Affect parameters; reduction in Negative Affect found faster than Positive Affect. It is to be concluded that for overall improvement in Quality of Life and Positive and Negative Emotions, long term IAYT would be required for better to best.


Keywords


Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy; Quality of Life; Positive – Negative Emotions; Tribal Adolescent Girls

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